已经连续四年了, Ravenscroft's student-led fundraising team for Crucial Catch has been recognized as the top fundraising school in the nation, 超过了30美元的目标,超过6美元,000, 并再次获得了著名的粉鞋奖.
较低的学校ers Practice Design Thinking Through Collaboration with 上学校 Engineering 学生
所有伟大发明的核心都是设计思维, a problem-solving technique that identifies people’s needs and combines logic, intuition and systematic reasoning to test ideas and deliver workable solutions. 无数的成就——包括古代象形文字, 快餐店, 电动牙刷，甚至Netflix——都源于设计思维.
Teaching young children an abstract and seemingly advanced concept such as design thinking might seem daunting, 甚至不可能, but Ravenscroft’s 上学校 Honors Engineering students embraced the challenge last fall through a unique 协作 with 较低的学校 students in their IDE (Innovation, 设计和工程)特殊课程.
凯瑟琳·帕特森的二年级学生，包括 加布里埃尔·马克, work on Brendan Marcy ' 21’s design-thinking challenge, 有个建筑项目.
上学校 Honors Engineering teacher Michael D’Argenio said his idea for the 协作 stemmed from a classroom assignment in which he asked each of his 14 students to create and test an activity that used common household objects (so students joining classes remotely could complete the projects at home) to introduce design thinking or scientific/engineering concepts to a younger audience. 然后他把教案交给低年级的老师.
“It’s important for students to be able to successfully convey technical information to a broader audience. It’s one of the most widely sought traits for an engineer or anyone in the STEM field, particularly when you need public buy-in or funding for grants and research,达吉奥奥说.
在他们的教学计划中, D’Argenio’s students incorporated the main precepts of the Ravenscroft design process: discover, 想象一下, plan, 开发, 评估, 传达和反思. These principles not only echo the human-centric process of design thinking and its five steps — empathize, define, ideate, 原型和测试-但也是新葡京线上娱乐的签名 葡京娱乐场官网框架, 哪所学校教授基本的沟通技巧, 协作, 问责制, 弹性——以及将想法转化为行动的能力.
伊莱击球 看着像同学一样 裘德Cafaro celebrates how many books his house of cards can hold up during an IDE class in Gabe Clark’s third-grade class. (左)
艾玛·格蕾丝·斯坦塞尔, 加布·克拉克班上的三年级学生, successfully tests the strength of her build for the 《葡京娱乐场官网》 project. (右)
低年级IDE教师 劳拉·希金森' 10 选择三个学生项目在她的课堂上执行:
- 有个建筑项目: Brendan Marcy ' 21’s project challenged students to create a structure using only toothpicks and marshmallows that was strong enough to stand up on its own.
- 《葡京娱乐场官网》: 大卫·格林' 21 tasked students with building a two-story fort using no more than 25 index cards that could withstand weight and external forces.
- 设计一个超级英雄:此项目由 佩奇·巴斯特克' 21, inspired students to invent a superhero using characteristics of an animal found in nature.
“One of the great things about Ravenscroft is the opportunity to collaborate among the different divisions, especially in a year where we all feel very separated because of COVID-19,希金森说. “在低年级的IDE课程, 葡京娱乐场官网专注于设计和鼓励创新的思维过程. Our students are makers, and they’re all so engaged and encourage each other to try new things.”
莎拉Wike, 教育技术总监兼IDE部主任, explained that these kinds of cross-divisional curricular experiences offer Ravens a huge benefit.
“When first- or second-graders are doing a project around design thinking, 计算思维或机器人, 他们认为这是一个有趣的项目. 这就是为什么早期接触如此重要, 所以他们会被鼓励在中学学习STEM+课程,她说. “For 上学校 students, it’s empowering to know the work they’re doing is being used. 他们做的不仅仅是功课, it’s real-world experience — and one that inspires and impacts younger kids.”
二年级学生 凯特的石头, 远程加入凯瑟琳·帕特森的课堂, 分享她建立强大稳定架构的策略.
五年级生 Shivan Chhabra 他和米歇尔·舒尔茨班上的同学开始了他们的项目.
为了他的项目, David challenged students in third through fifth grades to construct an “Army man-sized” fort at least two stories tall out of index cards. The structure had to endure flying cap erasers and cascading small objects to simulate “anything from a heavy hailstorm to an enemy attack on the base.” 学生 would ultimately build a structure that could support the weight of a cell phone or a book, as well as withstand the removal of one or more index cards before the structure collapsed.
In a Zoom meeting, David proudly watched young engineers attempt his challenge. “Seeing the kids do it themselves and have fun with it, that was really cool,” he said.
大卫·戈林’s lesson plans include samples of how to construct a strong house of cards.
Paige showed Ravens in kindergarten through second grades how engineers often use nature and preexisting designs to inspire innovation, 同时团队合作也很有效率. 作为她课程的一部分, she had students work in small groups to create a superhero using the characteristics of an animal and to describe any of the superhero’s strengths and weaknesses that mirrored those of the animal.
“我希望我的项目是最好的, 我真的很享受创作的过程,她说. “我很高兴学生们对此表示赞赏.”
佩奇·巴斯特克的超级英雄样本, 《新葡京线上娱乐》(左), 为卡拉·刘易斯的一年级学生提供了灵感, 包括 艾莉Prugh (右)，创造自己的.
上图中,看到 玛丽·埃文斯·巴卡斯 考验她的纸牌屋的强度, part of an IDE lesson 开发ed by 上学校 Honors Engineering student 大卫·戈林 ’21.